A Guide to Growing Fresh Vegetables in Planting Boxes

Vegetables growing in 2 planting boxes

Are you tired of relying on store-bought vegetables that lack freshness and flavor? Then, it's time to embark on a rewarding journey of growing fresh vegetables at home! You can have a ready supply of salad greens and tomatoes for the perfect salad whenever you want!

This guide will show you how planting boxes create a flourishing garden. And they'll work perfectly with a spacious backyard or small balcony space. So stop making the trek to your local grocery store and get ready to savor the taste of homegrown goodness!

Choosing the Right Planting Box

When selecting a planting box, you have a variety of options.

Terra cotta planters are a staple for gardening. They're inexpensive and come in various shapes and sizes. However, you'll have to water your vegetables more frequently because they're porous. Additionally, they're fragile and can chip easily, especially when exposed to weather extremes.

Wooden boxes offer a rustic charm and excellent insulation but require regular maintenance. They're prone to splitting and rotting, so you'll have to replace them after a few years.

On the other hand, plastic containers are lightweight and durable, providing good drainage and easy cleaning. Another advantage is that they often come with a self-watering option. For example, EarthBox planting boxes for vegetables include sub-irrigation to remove the guesswork from watering.

The gardening boxes are also available with a garden stand, making them ideal for people with limited mobility. The frame raises the planting box nearly three feet to reduce bending and kneeling.

The Deeper the Planting Box, The Better

Apart from the material, it's essential to consider the depth and size of your garden planter. So let's delve into the importance of box depth and size:

Planter Box Depth

The depth of your planting box plays a crucial role in your vegetable plants' overall health and productivity. Adequate depth allows for proper root development and ensures plants have enough space to anchor themselves and access essential nutrients. Here's why box depth matters:

  • Root Development: Vegetables have different root system requirements. Some vegetables, like carrots and radishes, have taproots that need deeper soil for proper growth. Others, like lettuce and herbs, have shallower root systems. By providing sufficient depth, you can accommodate the specific needs of different vegetables.
  • Moisture Retention: A deeper planting box has a larger soil volume, which can hold more moisture. This is particularly beneficial during hot summer when the soil dries out quickly. Deeper boxes help maintain moisture levels, reducing watering frequency and preventing plants from drying out.
  • Temperature Regulation: Deeper soil provides better insulation for the roots, protecting them from extreme temperature fluctuations. Deeper soil stays cooler during hot weather, while it retains more heat in colder months. This stability promotes healthy plant growth and reduces stress on the roots.
  • Nutrient Availability: A deeper planting box allows you to include more organic matter, compost, and other soil amendments. These additions enrich the soil with essential nutrients, promoting vigorous plant growth and better yields.

Gardening Box Size

Two factors determine the size of your planting box: your gardening space and how many vegetables you want to grow.

You'll also need to consider the following factors when determining the appropriate box size:

  • Space: Choose a container size that maximizes the available space, whether you have a small balcony or a spacious backyard. Selecting an appropriate box size ensures efficient use of your gardening area.
  • Plant Spacing: Each vegetable has specific spacing requirements for optimal growth and airflow. The size of your box should accommodate the recommended spacing between plants. Proper spacing minimizes competition for nutrients, water, and sunlight, reducing disease risk and promoting healthier plants.
  • Crop Rotation: Crop rotation is a beneficial practice in vegetable gardening to minimize pest and disease problems. If you plan to rotate crops, ensure your planting box is large enough to accommodate different vegetables in subsequent seasons. Sufficient space allows you to diversify your crop selection and optimize the health of your plants.
  • Accessibility: Consider your comfort and mobility when choosing the box size. A larger box may require more bending and reaching, whereas a smaller box is easier to manage and maintain. Select a size that suits your physical abilities and gardening preferences.

By carefully considering the depth and size of your planting box, you can create an optimal growing environment for your vegetables. Adequate depth supports healthy root development, while an appropriate size allows for efficient space use and easy maintenance. Remember to choose a box that suits your gardening goals and the specific needs of the vegetables you plan to grow.

Selecting the Perfect Vegetables

Now that you have your planting box ready, it's time to choose the vegetables that will thrive in your garden. Start by assessing the available space and sunlight. Observe the sunlight patterns in your desired spot throughout the day. Then select vegetables that match the available sunlight, whether full sun, partial shade, or full shade.

One of the advantages of growing vegetables in planting boxes is that you move them to take advantage of conditions. So in the middle of an intense heat wave, you can move your gardening boxes to a cooler location. That gives your plants a break from the heat and reduces watering requirements.

It's also important to consider your climate and the seasonal variations in your area. Research the recommended vegetables for your specific climate and growing season. Some vegetables thrive in cooler temperatures, while others prefer the warmth of summer.

Vegetables that Thrive in Cooler Temperatures:

  • Leafy greens: Lettuce, spinach, kale, Swiss chard, arugula
  • Root vegetables: Radishes, carrots, turnips, beets
  • Cruciferous vegetables: Broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, cabbage
  • Herbs: Parsley, cilantro, dill

Vegetables that Thrive in Warmer Temperatures:

  • Nightshades: Tomatoes, peppers, potatoes, eggplant
  • Cucurbits: Cucumbers, zucchini, squash, melons
  • Beans and peas: Green beans, snap peas, lima beans
  • Herbs: Basil, rosemary, thyme, oregano

Choose vegetables for container gardening, such as lettuce, tomatoes, peppers, herbs, and radishes. Opt for compact vegetables with shallow root systems to ensure they thrive in the limited space of a planting box.

Preparing the Planting Box

Before planting your seeds or seedlings, preparing the planting box adequately is crucial. Start by cleaning and sanitizing the box to remove any dirt or debris. If you're reusing a box, sanitizing it with a diluted bleach solution helps prevent the spread of diseases.

Next, create proper drainage holes at the bottom of the box to ensure excess water can escape. Drainage is essential to prevent your plants' roots from standing in water and causing root rot.

The Right Soil Mix Makes All the Difference

Finally, select the appropriate soil mixture for your planting box. Use a well-balanced potting soil, or create your own by combining compost, peat moss, and vermiculite in equal parts. Avoid using garden soil alone, as it may lack proper drainage and harbor pests. Garden soil is also prone to compacting, which reduces aeration.

Fortunately, there are numerous potting mixes designed for growing vegetables in containers. Miracle-Gro® Seed Starting Potting Mix is a popular option.

In addition, companies like EarthBox have complete growing kits. You get everything you need for successful gardening. With its tomato growing kit, you get everything you need but the tomato plant. The kit includes:

  • A planter for tomatoes
  • Aeration screen
  • Water fill tube
  • Mulch covers
  • A staking system with wire ties
  • 6 casters to move the planter easily
  • Tomato & Veggie Boost fertilizer
  • Organic potting mix

Planting Seeds or Seedlings

Now it's time for the magic to begin! Whether starting from seeds or using seedlings, follow these steps to ensure successful growth.

For seeds, follow the instructions on the seed packet for optimal planting depth and spacing. Ensure consistent moisture for successful germination, and use a spray bottle to avoid disturbing the seeds.

Transplant seedlings into the planting box by gently loosening the growing medium before placing them in the hole. Firmly press the soil around the base of the seedling to secure it. It's essential to ensure the soil level matches the level of the seedling's stem.

Proper spacing and depth are essential for each vegetable. Refer to the specific spacing recommendations for each vegetable to allow room for growth and airflow. Plant the vegetables at the recommended depth, ensuring the crown or stem is above the soil surface.

Providing Optimal Care of Your Vegetables

Like any living thing, your vegetable plants need loving care to thrive, notably water and nutrients. Here's how you can provide them with optimal care:

Watering is a crucial aspect of plant care. Regularly water your plants, aiming for moist soil, but avoid watering too much, as it can lead to root rot. Check the moisture level by inserting your finger into the soil; it’s time to water if it feels dry. Remember to water the base of the plants to avoid wetting the leaves, which can increase the risk of diseases.

Fertilization and soil amendment are necessary to provide essential nutrients to your plants. Plants like tomatoes are heavy feeders and need a steady fertilizer supply. Plus, nutrients escape with water that passes through your planter's drainage holes.

Use organic fertilizers following the recommended application rates. You can supplement the soil with compost or well-rotted manure to improve nutrient content. Monitor the soil pH routinely and adjust it to ensure optimal nutrient absorption.

Managing pests and diseases is another crucial aspect of plant care. Regularly inspect your plants for signs of pests or diseases, such as holes in leaves or wilting. Use organic pest control methods like handpicking insects, applying natural insecticidal soaps, or introducing beneficial insects.

Additionally, practice good garden hygiene by removing diseased plants and maintaining clean surroundings to prevent the spread of diseases.

Nuturing Your Growing Plants

As your vegetable plants grow, they may need a little extra support. Here are some nurturing techniques to help them thrive:


Proper pruning and trellising techniques are essential for maintaining plant health and maximizing yield. Prune off dead or damaged leaves and branches to encourage healthy growth.


Install trellises or stakes for vining vegetables like tomatoes or cucumbers to support their upward growth and prevent them from sprawling.

Supporting plant growth with stakes or cages can stabilize your plants as they mature. This is particularly important for plants that bear heavy fruits or vegetables. Use stakes or cages to prevent them from toppling over and causing damage.


Monitoring and adjusting sunlight exposure is crucial as your plants grow. Observe how your plants respond to sunlight and adjust their position accordingly. Rotate the planting box or use shade cloth to protect sensitive plants from excessive heat or intense sunlight. That's especially critical during the hottest parts of the day.

Harvesting Fresh Vegetables

The moment you've been waiting for—harvesting your homegrown vegetables! Here's what you need to know:

Recognize the signs of readiness for harvest, such as vibrant colors, firmness, and proper size. Refer to the seed packet or plant label for the average days to maturity as a guideline.

Use clean shears or garden scissors to harvest leafy greens, herbs, and delicate vegetables. For root vegetables, gently loosen the soil around them before pulling them out. Handle fruits and tender vegetables with care to prevent bruising or damage.

For short-term storage, refrigerate vegetables in perforated plastic bags to maintain freshness. If you have an abundance of harvest, consider preserving them. For example, you can freeze, can, or pickle vegetables to enjoy your produce throughout the year.

Troubleshooting Common issues

Even with the best care, challenges can arise in gardening. Here's how to tackle some common problems:

  1. Identify and address nutrient deficiencies by observing your plants for signs such as yellowing leaves or stunted growth. Adjust your fertilization regimen to provide the necessary nutrients lacking in the soil. Organic amendments like bone meal or fish emulsion can help replenish specific nutrients.
  2. Deal with pests and diseases by identifying common ones that affect your vegetable plants. Implement organic pest control methods, such as introducing beneficial insects or using natural insecticides. Practice good garden hygiene by removing diseased plants and maintaining clean surroundings.
  3. Overcome challenges in container gardening by ensuring proper drainage, using well-draining soil, and monitoring moisture levels closely. Containers tend to dry out faster, so adjust your watering schedule accordingly. Regularly check the soil’s moisture level and water when it feels dry.

EarthBox is Here to Help

Congratulations on becoming a budding vegetable gardener! With the help of planting boxes, you have the power to grow your own fresh and delicious vegetables right at home. Following the steps outlined in this guide, you'll soon be enjoying the bountiful harvest from your garden. So, grab your gardening gloves and experience the satisfaction of taking your meals from seed to table!

Remember, gardening is a continuous learning process, bringing new lessons each season. So, don't be afraid to experiment, ask fellow gardeners for advice, and keep exploring the world of homegrown vegetables.

And EarthBox is here to help with all your home gardening needs to make you a successful home gardener. We've been helping folks like you grow their own vegetables for nearly 30 years.

Our gardening boxes and growing systems guarantee your success. After all, they're lab-tested and proven. We even have an array of accessories to make your gardening experience more enjoyable and bountiful. And remember to check out our blogs which include valuable tips and ideas to help you along the way.

Happy gardening, and bon appétit!

Tomatoes, carrots, and herbs being grown in different EarthBox gardening containers